The normal range for Protein in blood is between 6 and 8.3 grams per deciliter (g/dL). Hyperproteinemia is the state of having overly high levels of protein in the blood. Proteins in your blood are elevated as your body fights an infection and/or inflammation. Symptoms of high protein in blood include: Weight loss, Infections, Thirst, Pain, Numbness and Loss of appetite.
High blood protein might sound like a scary name, but it is not a disease or a condition. It is mostly uncovered during lab tests and findings when testing for other conditions or symptoms. This occurrence is popular in people who are not properly hydrated. In the real sense, it comes when the blood plasma is more concentrated.
In this article, we will look at what causes a high level of protein in blood. Keep in mind that certain proteins are produced in large quantities to fight pathogens or different inflammations, meaning that it comes from other conditions or diseases. Let’s take a look at some of these:
This condition causes the buildup of abnormal proteins in your organs. It is a rare disease that impairs the functioning of different organs in the body. It occurs when an abnormal protein, popularly know as amyloid builds up to extreme levels. To help you understand this, we need to find out the genesis of amyloid. This protein is not usually found in the body. It is formed from other proteins and affects major organs such as the kidney, liver, spleen, gut, and the nervous system. Amyloidosis can also occur alongside other diseases. If you happen to suffer from this variety, treatment of the underlying condition can effectively cure this. However, certain strains cause organ failure, which may result in death. Symptoms include swelling of the ankles and legs, severe fatigue, shortness of breath, numbness, diarrhea, weight loss, and skin changes. Most of these conditions are not witnessed until the situation hits the advanced stages. Amyloidosis can be treated through chemotherapy, like cancer treatment. Different medications reduce the symptoms, making them less fatal or pronounced. For advanced stages, you might need an organ or stem cell transplant.
Dehydration is a major cause of high protein levels in the blood. This occurs when fluid use exceeds fluid intake. Your body will, therefore, be devoid of water and fluids, forcing it to malfunction. If these fluids are not replaced, it might become worse. This condition can affect any age group, just that it is more fatal in young children and older adults. You will mostly end up dehydrated if you keep vomiting or diarrhearing. Other illnesses and conditions can also lead to dehydration. When you are dehydrated, the water level in the plasma goes down, making it more concentrated. The good thing is that you can easily get out of this condition if you take more fluids, especially mild dehydration. Common symptoms include dry mouth and tongue, zero tears, sunken eyes, and irritability in kids. Adults will undergo extreme thirst, less urination, fatigue, less frequent urination, and dizziness.
- Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B can cause high protein accumulation in the blood. It is a liver infection that is caused by the Hepatitis B virus. It can also become chronic, lasting for over six months. This infection has its fair share of risks. It can alleviate your chances of suffering a liver failure liver cancer or even liver cirrhosis. Fortunately, most adults make a full recovery despite the severity of the symptoms. The only problem comes with kids and infants who are likely to develop long-lasting infections. Luckily, there is a vaccine for Hepatitis B, which is normally administered in infants. On the flip side, there is no cure. Once you have it, it can only wane on its own or develop into a chronic infection. Symptoms can either be mild or severe. These include abdominal pain, dark urine, fever, joint pain, nausea, and fatigue.
- Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a severe condition that can lead to liver inflammation. It is mostly spread through contaminated blood. Patients can suffer serious liver damage. Strides have been made in diagnosing and managing the condition. For a long time, treatment required weekly injections and oral medications, which had severe side effects. However, nowadays, there are oral medications that are taken every day for two to six months. Unfortunately, most people with HCV are unaware that they have an infection since it rarely shows symptoms. If it decides to show, signs are easy bleeding and bruising, fatigue, poor appetite, discolored eyes and skin, itchiness, weight loss, leg swelling, and spider-like vessels. You can also experience muscle aches and nausea. The good news is that several people fight and get rid of this infection during the acute phase, a common phenomenon known as viral clearance. However, if you develop acute Hepatitis C, you can resort to viral therapy, which works most of the time.
- Multiple Myeloma
Multiple myeloma is one of the major causes of high protein content in the blood. It is a form of cancer that attacks the plasma cell. These cells play an important role in fighting infections. They manufacture antibodies that fight off pathogens. When you have multiple myeloma, cancer cells will accumulate in the bone marrow, pushing out the healthy cells. These cells will impair the normal functioning of the plasma cells, and instead of antibody production, your body produces abnormal proteins that might cause several complications in life. You do not have to seek treatment if you do not see or feel any signs and symptoms. However, if you require treatment, there are several avenues to turn to. Sign and symptoms include nausea, constipation, fatigue, mental fogginess, weight loss, weakness, and frequent infections. Those five are some of the common causes of high blood protein. However, keep in mind that eating too much protein does not lead to this condition. Your body has a way of breaking down all the protein that you ingest. It is normal to have high blood protein and not show any symptoms. Unless you suffer some of these conditions, it can be quite hard to know or diagnose. Proteins play an important role in all the cells and organs in the body, including regulation of body functions, muscle building, and transport.
protein in blood
Several conditions can result in high protein content in the blood. Some of these are as simple as dehydration, while others are more complicated. However, you need to note that high protein content in your meals does not cause high blood protein.
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